Established on 21st September, 1984 at Bangalore in the form of twin institutes namely ICAR- National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources and National Institute of Animal Genetics and then shifted to Karnal in 1985, the two institutes were merged to function as a single entity in the form of ICAR- National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (ICAR-NBAGR) in 1995. This premier institute is dedicated to work with its mandate of identification, evaluation, characterization, conservation and utilization of livestock and poultry genetic resources of the country.
Bureau has traveled a long journey in striving for excellence in innovative research to identify the uniqueness and genetic potential of country’s vastly distributed livestock and poultry biodiversity and its sustainable development. Among the major achievements to its credit are the phenotypic and genetic characterization of majority (> 90%) of the registered breeds of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, equines, camel and poultry; identification of more than 1600 SNPs for various major candidate genes related to production, reproduction, environmental adaptation and disease resistance traits in different species; cytogenetic analysis revealing the Manipuri buffaloes of NEH region as swamp buffaloes (2N=48); demonstration of higher frequency of desirable A2 beta casein allele in indigenous cattle and buffalo breeds, registration of livestock and poultry breeds; development of conservation models and establishment of database on indigenous livestock species.
We have also characterized some lesser known populations of indigenous livestock, which include Sanchori, Manipuri and Belahi cattle; Gojri buffalo and Harringhata Black chicken, Sigharey goat, Deccani sheep ecotypes, Kajali sheep and Rajapalayam dog. Publication of a large number of bulletins covering most of the breeds of different species is a tremendous contribution of this organization in breed accreditation and documentation particularly in this era of globalization and intellectual property rights. The Bureau has initiated the process of registration of farm animal breeds. So far, 151 breeds have been registered whose breed descriptors have been published in Indian Journal of Animal Science. Establishment of breed conservation centres in the respective native breed tracts for in-situ conservation and national gene bank, DNA bank, somatic cell bank for ex-situ conservation at the institute level is a remarkable step for conservation of economically important and environmentally well adapted breeds. Bureau is regularly conducting various national and international trainings; demonstration/exhibition and sensitization programmes for the researchers, field functionaries, State AH officers and livestock keepers.
Information on various aspects generated and shared through this website is merely the result of hard work, commitment and dedication of my spirited team of scientists, technical, administrative and supporting staff for which they deserve compliments and appreciation. I welcome you to visit the site and take the opportunity to share information. We look forward for constructive feed-back and fruitful suggestions.