National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources
Purnea cattle are distributed in Araria, Purnea and Katihar districts; and the Adjoining areas of Kishanganj, Supaul and Madhepura districts of Bihar. These are small sized animals with three different coat colours viz. grey, red and black. These are reared for milk, manure and to some extent for draught power. These cattle have medium hump, small to medium dewlap, small naval flap and small to medium sized udder. Head is medium in size. Most of the Purnea cattle has flat poll while some have moderately prominent poll. Horns are small in size, straight and mostly carried upwards sometimes laterally. Daily milk yield ranges from 1 to 5kg and lactation milk yield from 360 to 785kg. Population size is approximately 2,19,000.